Index of Insects Studied in Forestry 308




INDEX TO LABORATORIES
 
  1. Know an insect when you see one
  2. Insects affecting fruiting structures: seeds, cones, etc.
  3. Insects affecting seedlings
  4. Insects affecting terminals, buds and branches
  5. Insects affecting foliage
  6. Insects affecting bark
  7. Insects affecting wood
  8. Insects affecting wood products and wood in service
 
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Major References CitedImage Credits



 
Major References Cited
  • EAG = Edmonds, R.L., Agee, J.K., and Gara, R.I. 2000. Forest Health and Protection.
  • FC = Furniss, R.L. and Carolin, V.M. 1977. Western Forest Insects.
  • HForest = Hypermedia Forest Insect and Disease Knowledge Base and Diagnosis. By A. Thomson, D. Shaykewich and R. Banfield. Pacific Forestry Centre (PFC), Canadian Forest Service (CFS).
  • Diseases and Insects in British Columbia Forest Seedling Nurseries. By A. Thomson, J. Dennis, D. Trotter, D. Shaykewich and R. Banfield. Pacific Forestry Centre, Canadian Forest Service.
  • JP17 = Henigman, J., Ebata, T., Allen, E., Westfall, J., and Pollard, A. March 2001. Field Guide to Forest Damage in British Columbia, 2nd Ed. Joint Publication No. 17, BC Ministry of Forests/ Canadian Forest Service.
 
 
Laboratory #1
Know an insect when you see one
  • Become familiar with the various insect orders. See especially Dictyoptera (= Blattodea - cockroaches and Mantodea - mantids) and other orders; Isoptera - termites; Orthoptera - grasshoppers and crickets; Phasmida - stick insects (= Phasmatodea); Hemiptera = Heteroptera - true bugs and Homoptera - aphids and adelgids; Diptera - flies; Lepidoptera - moths and butterflies; Coleoptera - beetles; Neuroptera - lace wings; and Hymenoptera - bees, ants and wasps. Note also the aquatic orders Ephemeroptera - mayflies, Odonata - dragonflies, Plecoptera - stone flies and Trichoptera - caddisflies. Look closely at the family tree and see whom is related to whom.


Text Reference: EAG, Ch.18.
 
 
Laboratory #2
Insects affecting fruiting structures: seeds, cones, etc.
Examples:
  1. Leptoglossus occidentalis - the leaf-footed bug
  2. Dioryctria abietivorella - fir coneworm
  3. Barbara colfaxiana - Douglas-fir cone moth
  4. Cydia strobilella - spruce seed moth
  5. Contarinia oregonensis - Douglas-fir cone midge
  6. Strobilomyia neanthracina - spiral spruce cone borer
  7. Conophthorus spp. - conebeetle
  8. Megastigmus spermotrophus - Douglas-fir seed chalcid
  9. Lophocampha argentata - the silver-spotted tiger moth
Text Reference: EAG, Ch.24.
 
 
Laboratory #3
Insects affecting seedlings
Examples:
  1. Noctuidae - cutworms
  2. Forficula auricularia - European earwig
  3. Tipula paludosa - crane fly
  4. Adelges cooleyi - Cooley spruce gall adelgid
  5. Pineus prob. similis
  6. Polyphylla spp. - June beetle
  7. Otiorhynchus sulcatus - black vine weevil
  8. Steremnius carinatus - root collar weevil
  9. Hylobius warreni - Warren's collar weevil
  10. See also:
      Aphids and adelgids in general  
    Bourletiella hartensis - Collembola - springtails
    Bradysia spp. - fungus gnats
    Chrysoteuchia topiaria - cranberry girdler
    Lygus lineolaris - lygus bug
    Oligonychus ununguis - spruce spider mite 

    Orgyia antiqua - rusty tussock moth
    Otiorhynchus ovatus - strawberry root weevil
    Rhyacionia buoliana - European pine shoot moth 
Text Reference: EAG, Ch.24.
 
 
Laboratory #4
Insects affecting terminals, buds and branches
Examples:
  1. Adelges cooleyi - Cooley spruce gall adelgid
  2. Adelges abietis - eastern spruce gall adelgid
  3. Adelges piceae - balsam woolly adelgid
  4. Pissodes strobi - Sitka spruce weevil
  5. Pissodes terminalis - lodgepole pine terminal weevil
  6. Pityophythorus orarius - Douglas-fir twig miner
  7. Agrilus anxius - bronze birch borer
  8. Rhyacionia buoliana - European pine shoot moth
  9. See also:
      Mindarus abietinus - balsam twig aphid
    Petrova albicapitana - northern pitch twig moth
Text Reference: EAG, Ch.24.
 
 
Laboratory #5
Insects affecting foliage
Examples:
  1. Elatobium (Neomyzaphis) abietinum - spruce aphid
  2. Chionaspis (Phenacaspis) pinifoliae - pine needle scale
  3. Neodiprion tsugae - the hemlock sawfly
  4. Pristiphora erichsonii - the larch sawfly
  5. Choristoneura occidentalis - the western spruce budworm
  6. Acleris gloverana - the western blackheaded budworm
  7. Lambdina fiscellaria lugubrosa - the western hemlock looper
  8. Orgyia pseudotsugata - the Douglas-fir tussock moth
  9. Lymantria dispar - gypsy moth
  10. Leucoma salicis - the satin moth
  11. Coleotechnites starki - northern lodgepole needleminer
  12. Coleophora laricella - larch casebearer
  13. Neophasia menapia - the white pine butterfly
  14. Argyresthia cupressella - cypress tip moth
  15. Malacosoma disstria - forest tent caterpillar
  16. Hyphantria cunea - the fall webworm
  17. See also:
      Malacosoma californicum pluviale - Northern tent caterpillar 
    Choristoneura fumiferana - Eastern spruce budworm 
    Choristoneura biennis - Two-year-cycle budworm 
    Melanolophia imitata - green-striped forest looper 
    Nepytia freemani - western false hemlock looper, B.C., U.S.
    Oligonychus ununguis - spruce spider mite 
Text Reference: EAG, Ch.20.
 
 
Laboratory #6
Insects affecting bark
Examples:
  1. Dendroctonus ponderosae- mountain pine beetle
  2. Dendroctonus rufipennis - spruce beetle
  3. Dendroctonus pseudotsugae - Douglas-fir beetle
  4. Dendroctonus brevicomis - western pine beetle
  5. Dryocoetes confusus - western balsam bark beetle
  6. Ips spp. - engraver beetle
  7. Scolytus ventralis - the fir engraver
  8. Scolytus multistriatus - Dutch elm beetle
  9. Phloeosinus spp. - cedar bark beetle
  10. Pseudohylesinus spp. - a secondary bark beetle
  11. Adelges piceae - balsam woolly adelgid
  12. Synanthedon novaroensis - Douglas-fir pitch moth
  13. Cheilosia burkei - hemlock bark maggot
Text Reference: EAG, Ch.21.
 
 
Laboratory #7
Insects affecting wood
Examples:
  1. Trypodendron lineatum - striped ambrosia beetle
  2. Gnathotrichus sulcatus - scratch-faced ambrosia beetle
  3. Melanophila drummondi - flatheaded fir borer
  4. Buprestis aurulenta - golden buprestid
  5. Trachykele blondeli - western cedar borer
  6. Tetropium velutinum - western larch borer
  7. Monochamus spp. - sawyer beetles
  8. Ergates spiculatus - timberworm
  9. Opsimus quadrilineatus - spruce limb borer
  10. Cryptorhynchus lapathi - poplar-willow borer
  11. Sirex cyaneux - blue horntail
  12. Some other Buprestids in B.C.
  13. Some other Cerambycids in B.C.
Text Reference: EAG, Ch.22, Ch.23.
 
 
Laboratory #8
Insects affecting wood products and wood in service
Examples:
  1. Hemicoelus gibbicollis - Pacific powder-post beetle
  2. Anobium punctatum - furniture beetle
  3. Lyctus spp. - powder-post beetles
  4. Zootermopsis angusticollis - Pacific dampwood termite
  5. Reticulitermes hesperus - western subterranean termite
  6. Camponotus herculeanus - carpenter ants
  7. Limnoria lignorum - gribbles
  8. Bankia setacea - shipworms
  9. Teredo navalis - teredoes
Text Reference: EAG, Ch.23.
 
 
Image Credits
The images in this manual have been marked with symbols in order to acknowledge the sources of the images. The following symbols were used for the corresponding sources:

  • Pictures of prepared lab materials from the Faculty of Forestry, U.B.C. or slides from John McLean's collection.

  • Images from Federal Publications, mainly from the Canadian Forest Service.

  • Images from Johnson and Lyon, Insects that feed on trees and shrubs. Cornell Press, 1976.